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Community Policing$
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Nigel Fielding

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198260271

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260271.001.0001

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(p.103) 6 Tactics
Community Policing

Nigel Fielding

Oxford University Press

The general view of community constables is that social service and the presentation of a friendly image are central to their role and that this is at the expense of their involvement in crime control. This impression is widespread among officers on reliefs and common among academics. Yet there are reasons to argue that this is an over-generalization. An analysis based simply on records of activities may miss the intention behind the activities. In describing tactics, goals are as important to identify as the means employed. Goals relate to the strategy, or grand design, which may be brought about by means of tactics. In Schutzian phenomenology, adequate accounts of human action require a grasp of actors' plausible goals, which bring different elements of their knowledge into play so as to activate means of achieving goals. Analytic schema to account for action are formulated on this basis. This chapter argues that when we examine police tactics we thus need to maintain an awareness of motives.

Keywords:   social service, community constables, image, crime control

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