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Holy Scripture in the Qumran Commentaries and Pauline Letters$
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Timothy H. Lim

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198262060

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262060.001.0001

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Paul and his Old Testament Quotations

Paul and his Old Testament Quotations

(p.140) 9 Paul and his Old Testament Quotations
Holy Scripture in the Qumran Commentaries and Pauline Letters

Timothy H. Lim

Oxford University Press

Paul lived at a time when the biblical text remained fluid. Textual variety and pluriformity characterized the scriptural scrolls that he consulted. He could quote from them or from one of the biblical excerpts that he presumably had before him. Sometimes, as in Galatians 3: 15, he insisted on a literal reading of the biblical passage, while on other occasions he could freely adapt his source. Still other times, it is thought that he produced a biblical proof-text from memory, the misremembering of which could account for variants and discrepancies. This latter suggestion, though plausible, is difficult to prove or even analyse, since the incorrect attribution of the biblical source can otherwise be explained by the existence of anthologies. ln any case, the postulate of pre-Pauline biblical excerpts does help in explaining some of the procedures which he was likely to have used.

Keywords:   Septuaginta, biblical excerptia, Galatians, pre-Pauline excerpts, exegetical modifications

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