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Themes and Theories$
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Rosalyn Higgins

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780198262350

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262350.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 January 2022

The International Court of Justice and Africa†*

The International Court of Justice and Africa†*

Chapter:
(p.1056) 9.2 The International Court of Justice and Africa*
Source:
Themes and Theories
Author(s):

Rosalyn Higgins Dbe Qc

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262350.003.0078

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) has been favoured with judges from Africa. Two have attained the presidency. In 1981, Judge Elias became the first African president of the ICJ. It was during his period at the Court that it saw some of the leading law of the sea cases. Judge Mohammed Bedjaoui himself, at the time this chapter was written, is the immediate past president of the Court. His writings in the field of the international law of development are known as pioneer works. In its original composition, as of April 6, 1946, there was only one African judge out of the total bench of fifteen judges — Judge Badawi Pacha of Egypt. Judges from Nigeria, South Africa, Cameroon, Egypt, and Ivory Coast have also been elected to the ECJ. The jurisdiction of the Court is based on consent, which may in fact be expressed in several ways: Optional Clause, multilateral treaties, and bilateral treaties.

Keywords:   International Court of Justice, judges, Africa, Mohammed Bedjaoui, law of the sea, international development, Badawi Pacha, treaties, consent, Optional Clause

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