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An Introduction to the History and Sources of Jewish Law$
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N. S. Hecht, B. S. Jackson, S. M. Passamaneck, Daniela Piattelli, and Alfredo Rabello

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198262626

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262626.001.0001

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Ashkenazim to 1300

Ashkenazim to 1300

(p.299) 11. Ashkenazim to 1300
An Introduction to the History and Sources of Jewish Law

Avraham Grossman

Oxford University Press

The term ‘Ashkenaz’ does not merely signify the Hebrew term for the land of Germany, it also entails the cultural entity that brought its influences to various Slavic lands, England, and, more importantly, to the Jewish communities that resided in Northern France. While the Jewish centre in Germany may not have been of that great significance in terms of size and population, it has without a doubt played no small part in the development of Jewish Law. Although the Jewish communities in Germany seemed to have initially dissolved during the Roman period, this chapter looks into how Jewish settlement re-emerged during the ninth century, and how such events may be associated with how Carolingian rulers initiated endeavours to stimulate commercial activities and trade relations in their kingdoms.

Keywords:   Ashkenaz, Germany, Jewish communities, trade, commercial activities, Carolingian rulers

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