The name Shomronim or ‘Samaritans’ was initially used to refer to the inhabitants of the province called Samaria. Shomronim, the origin of the sect's name, supposedly refers to a group of Samarian inhabitants who view themselves as authentic guardians of the Scripture and of the truth explained in the Torah. The Samaritan halakhah could be characterized as a practice that initiated during the First Temple period and has persisted until the present day. This chapter attempts to look into the historical aspects of this approach through providing a comparative viewpoint for the rabbinic tradition that opts to view this practice as a sectarian one. Here, we explore a form of Jewish law that has denied the Oral Law of the Rabbis, although such is said to have taken its basis from the Bible.
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