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Hell and the VictoriansA Study of the Nineteenth-Century Theological Controversies concerning Eternal Punishment and the Future Life$
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Geoffrey Rowell

Print publication date: 1974

Print ISBN-13: 9780198266389

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266389.001.0001

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(p.1) I Introduction
Hell and the Victorians

Geoffrey Rowell

Oxford University Press

Heaven, hell, death, and judgment are the traditional Four Last Things of Christian theology, but it would be true to say that twentieth-century theologians have been embarrassed at saying much about any of them. In this, they stand in sharp contrast to the majority of nineteenth-century divines, who not only wrote at length on Christian eschatology, but regarded it as a central part of Christian teaching. A common theme of Evangelical eschatology was the discussion of the details of the future life. No discussion of nineteenth-century ideas concerning the future life would be complete without a mention of the Spiritualist movement, even though this had little direct influence on the doctrine of more orthodox religious thinkers. Perhaps the most important change in eschatology was the more personal understanding of Christianity which was characteristic of the nineteenth century.

Keywords:   Christian eschatology, Christianity, judgment, heaven, hell, death, theology, nineteenth century, Spiritualist movement

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