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A History of the Churches in the United States and Canada$
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Robert T. Handy

Print publication date: 1976

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269106

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269106.001.0001

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American Evangelical Protestantism: Growth and Conflict (1860–1920)

American Evangelical Protestantism: Growth and Conflict (1860–1920)

(p.262) IX American Evangelical Protestantism: Growth and Conflict (1860–1920)
A History of the Churches in the United States and Canada

Robert T. Handy

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a discussion on the growth and conflict of American Evangelical Protestantism during 1860–1920. It starts by introducing the Evangelical Protestantism of the Civil War and the period of Reconstruction. Topics covered include the expansion of black Protestantism, the evangelicals and their ‘Empire’, Sunday schools and public schools, Sabbath observance and temperance, theological tensions, evangelical dissenters, social Christianity, unitive trends, and the war to end all wars. The main themes of the movement brought together the evangelistic, missionary, co-operative, and social concerns of the Anglo-American churches. Though the Civil and Spanish-American wars had been faced in a crusading spirit by the churches, many Christians supported the burgeoning peace movement in the buoyant, optimistic opening years of the new century. Evangelical styles had been evolving over a long period of time, and as a new era opened following the successful completion of the war the methods that had been developed seemed full of promise. The problems ahead seemed surmountable and were being faced in a confident, optimistic spirit.

Keywords:   American Evangelical Protestantism, Evangelical Protestantism, Civil War, Reconstruction, Sabbath, Christianity, Sunday schools, public schools

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