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A History of the Churches in the United States and Canada$
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Robert T. Handy

Print publication date: 1976

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269106

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269106.001.0001

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Alternative Visions of a Christian Canada (1867–1925)

Alternative Visions of a Christian Canada (1867–1925)

(p.344) XI Alternative Visions of a Christian Canada (1867–1925)
A History of the Churches in the United States and Canada

Robert T. Handy

Oxford University Press

Often intensifying the conflicts among the witnesses to the alternative visions of the role of Christianity in Canada were the familiar differences between those who struggled to maintain great traditions and those who relished fresh insights and shaped new practices for ever-changing conditions. An era of expansion and organization is studied. The religious and political tensions and adjustments are also described. The chapter then explains liberal theology and the social gospel. In 1925, one of the favourite causes of the social gospel, church union, bore fruit in the formation of the United Church of Canada. A broadening denominational spectrum is investigated. As the first quarter of the 20th century closed, the identification of Canada as a Christian nation remained strong. The seemingly secure denominational structures, even that of the new United Church of Canada, had been shaped for expansion in a largely unsettled country and were now called to serve a country with growing industrialized areas in a time of transition and conflict.

Keywords:   Christianity, Canada, alternative visions, liberal theology, social gospel, United Church of Canada, Christian nation

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