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A History of the Churches in the United States and Canada$
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Robert T. Handy

Print publication date: 1976

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269106

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269106.001.0001

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Christian Outposts in the Western Wilderness

Christian Outposts in the Western Wilderness

(p.5) I Christian Outposts in the Western Wilderness
A History of the Churches in the United States and Canada

Robert T. Handy

Oxford University Press

Five European nations had established colonies in North America by 1650, in each of which Christian churches had been formed. In some of the colonies, the religious multiplicity that was to become so conspicuous in North America was already in evidence by that time, but not in those northern outposts of the Spanish possessions which fall within the purview of this account. The Northern perimeter of Spanish America is first presented. The chapter then discusses the origins of New France. Next, it deals with the beginnings of English colonization, New England colonies, New Netherland and New Sweden, and Maryland. In general, by the middle of the 17th century, colonies had been planted on the North American coast by the five nations of Spain, France, England, Holland, and Sweden. The rivalries between the nations had been transplanted to the New World, and had already spilled over into some bloody encounters, a foretaste of many decades of strife to come.

Keywords:   Christian churches, North America, Spain, France, England, Holland, Sweden, Maryland, English colonization

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