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The Physics of Duns ScotusThe Scientific Context of a Theological Vision$
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Richard Cross

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198269748

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269748.001.0001

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Prime Matter

Prime Matter

(p.13) 2 Prime Matter
The Physics of Duns Scotus

Richard Cross

Oxford University Press

This chapter investigates Scotus's account of prime matter. His account of matter can be examined under four areas: (1) Scotus's claim that matter exists; (2) matter has an essence, or some properties, all of its own; (3) it is logically possible for individual matter to exist independently of any form; (4) matter is an essential part of a material substance. The first three sections in this chapter provide a basic account of Scotus on matter while the last section introduces features of matter in circumstances where changes take place by generation rather than by creation or transubstantiation. The chapter argues that Scotus's defence of matter being essential to a material substance is unequivocally successful.

Keywords:   prime matter, essential matter, existence of matter, properties of matter, transubstantiation, nature of matter

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