This chapter investigates Scotus's account of prime matter. His account of matter can be examined under four areas: (1) Scotus's claim that matter exists; (2) matter has an essence, or some properties, all of its own; (3) it is logically possible for individual matter to exist independently of any form; (4) matter is an essential part of a material substance. The first three sections in this chapter provide a basic account of Scotus on matter while the last section introduces features of matter in circumstances where changes take place by generation rather than by creation or transubstantiation. The chapter argues that Scotus's defence of matter being essential to a material substance is unequivocally successful.
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