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The States System of Europe, 1640–1990Peacemaking and the Conditions of International Stability$
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Andreas Osiander

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198278870

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278870.001.0001

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The Congress of Vienna

The Congress of Vienna

4 The Congress of Vienna
The States System of Europe, 1640–1990

Andreas Osiander

Oxford University Press

Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand, Bishop of Autun, entered politics as a representative of the French clergy, in the Etats-Generaux, whose meeting in 1789 precipitated the French Revolution. Talleyrand abandoned the ecclesiastical office forced on him by his family, temporarily became persona non grata in France, and spent some years in Britain and the United States as an exile. Meanwhile, revolutionary France embarked on a policy of expansion. After his return to France, Talleyrand was foreign minister under the Directoire from 1797 to 1799, and again under Napoleon before resigning in 1807. Napoleon did not, however, allow Talleyrand to resign from his council. In September 1814, he was dispatched to Vienna to represent France at a congress convened to complete the reconstruction of the European states system.

Keywords:   Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand, France, clergy, French Revolution, Napoleon, European states system, Congress of Vienna, Directoire

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