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The States System of Europe, 1640–1990Peacemaking and the Conditions of International Stability$
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Andreas Osiander

Print publication date: 1994

Print ISBN-13: 9780198278870

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278870.001.0001

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The Peace Conference of Paris, 1919–1920

The Peace Conference of Paris, 1919–1920

5 The Peace Conference of Paris, 1919–1920
The States System of Europe, 1640–1990

Andreas Osiander

Oxford University Press

With hindsight, Gentz's words take on the character of a prophecy. If 1789 is a key date for domestic political culture in Europe, then 1914 must be seen as a key date in the history of international society. Fittingly triggered by the assassination of a Habsburg heir, the first general war for a century turned Gentz's nightmare scenario into reality; this time, the old order did not recover. The war brought revolution in the domestic sphere, as illustrated by the abolition of kingship of Russia, Germany, Austria, Hungary, and Turkey, and by the triumph of Bolshevism. The idea that the masses should participate in the political process gained fresh and unstoppable momentum, shown for example by the widespread lifting of voting restrictions and the introduction of female suffrage.

Keywords:   Bolshevism, assassination, Habsburg, kingship, Russia, voting restrictions, female suffrage, Gentz, political process

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