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Moshe SharettBiography of a Political Moderate$
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Gabriel Sheffer

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198279945

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279945.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2021

‘If I Forget Thee, Oh Jerusalem!’

‘If I Forget Thee, Oh Jerusalem!’

(p.496) 17 ‘If I Forget Thee, Oh Jerusalem!’
Moshe Sharett

Gabriel Sheffer

Oxford University Press

Toward the end of 1949, the first year of its independence, the Israeli government was forced to deal with menacing developments on both the international and the internal fronts. On the international plane, the government was primarily worried by the escalating Cold War. This deterioration was created by the growing awareness of the Soviet Union becoming a super power, of its nuclear capability, and its firm control over the Eastern bloc, which in turn caused the Americans to formulate and adhere to the doctrine of containment and to redeploy some of their forces in new bases in what became known as the Northern Tier and in the core Middle East. Consequently the Israelis became aware that escalation in the Cold War might affect Israel's ability to maintain its policy of non-alignment, and thereby create far-reaching effects on several aspects of its international politics, including weapons supply by and Jewish immigration from the Eastern bloc on the one hand, and American aid on the other.

Keywords:   Soviet Union, nuclear capability, Northern Tier, Cold War, core Middle East, Jewish immigration

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