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Moshe SharettBiography of a Political Moderate$
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Gabriel Sheffer

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198279945

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279945.001.0001

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(p.138) 5 Holocaust
Moshe Sharett

Gabriel Sheffer

Oxford University Press

It took some time before the majority of Zionist and Yishuv leaders and the rank and file, but not Shertok and his colleagues in the Executive, were able to overcome their shock, then denial, and later disbelief at what initially seemed as incredible information they were receiving about the Holocaust throughout 1942. Stunned and horrified by the terrible reality, they were torn between a deep sense of helplessness and a burning desire to establish Jewish sovereignty in Palestine so that another Holocaust could never again take place. Their response to the unfolding genocide was support for the Biltmore Program, which they viewed as both a symbolic and a practical link between the Holocaust and the traditional hope of establishing a Jewish state.

Keywords:   Zionist leaders, Yishuv, Shertok, Holocaust, Executive, Palestine, Biltmore Program

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