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Rush to UnionUnderstanding the European Federal Bargain$
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David McKay

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198280583

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280583.001.0001

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Federal Theory and European Union

Federal Theory and European Union

(p.14) 2 Federal Theory and European Union
Rush to Union

David McKay

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the extent to which the EU may qualify as a form of federal state. It explains the theory of the origins of federation that meets the basic tests of reliability and validity and establishes the fact that post-Maastricht Europe may indeed be classified as a federal state. Until the signing of the Maastricht Treaty, few observers characterized the European Community (EC) as a federation because it does not have the structure typical of a federal state. Even after the implementation of the Single European Act (SEA), no area of governmental activity was the responsibility of EC institutions and policy makers.

Keywords:   European Union, federal state, federation, European Community, Single European Act

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