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In Search of Civil SocietyMarket Reform and Social Change in Contemporary China$
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Gordon White, Jude A. Howell, and Shang Xiaoyuan

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198289562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289562.001.0001

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Social Organizations in the Cities: The Rise of Urban Corporatism

Social Organizations in the Cities: The Rise of Urban Corporatism

(p.128) 6 Social Organizations in the Cities: The Rise of Urban Corporatism
In Search of Civil Society

Gordon White

Jude Howell

Shang Xiaoyuan

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the emergence of the new social organizations and their role in the urban context, based on case studies of one large, heavy-industrial city — Shenyang in the north-eastern province of Liaoning — and one medium-sized, light-industrial city: Nantong in the central/coastal province of Jiangsu. It determines whether there are regional variations in the development of social organizations; to what extent the establishment of the new-style social organizations represents local interests and objectives as opposed to being merely a reaction to initiatives from the Centre; and what are the relative roles played by social interests ‘from below’ and local state agencies ‘from above’ in their formation and functioning. The chapter examines whether or not a form of ‘local corporatism’ is being consciously developed in these and other cities as part of a wider strategy of local development.

Keywords:   social organizations, Shenyang, Nantong, local corporatism, cities, local development

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