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Patriarchy and DevelopmentWomen's Positions at the End of the Twentieth Century$
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Valentine M. Moghadam

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198290230

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290230.001.0001

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Patriarchy and Post-communism: Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

Patriarchy and Post-communism: Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

(p.327) Patriarchy and Post-communism: Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union
Patriarchy and Development

Valentine M. Moghadam

Oxford University Press

Contrary to what several observers expected, the dissolution of communism that resulted in a shift to a market economy had adverse effects on the status of women in terms of employment and participation in political affairs. Such was evident not only through the increasing unemployment of women and the decline in female parliamentary participation, but also through the media and through the migration of sexual workers for hard currency. Post-communist Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union evidently experienced the recurrence of patriarchal structures, ideologies, and policies since the ‘over-emancipated, masculinized women’ were being attributed to the decline of economies. This chapter attempts to examine how the gender roles have evolved and the implications of such for women particularly at the end of communism.

Keywords:   post-communism, Central and Eastern Europe, former Soviet Union, market economy, unemployment, patriarchy, over-emancipated women

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