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Patriarchy and DevelopmentWomen's Positions at the End of the Twentieth Century$
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Valentine M. Moghadam

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198290230

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290230.001.0001

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Gender and Status Inequalities in Yemen: Honour, Economics., and Politics

Gender and Status Inequalities in Yemen: Honour, Economics., and Politics

(p.80) Gender and Status Inequalities in Yemen: Honour, Economics., and Politics
Patriarchy and Development

Sheila Carapico

Oxford University Press

Aside from the theory of Islam and the segmentation theory, this chapter states that the ‘harem theory’ is one of the three ‘theoretical metonyms’ used to describe the situation of women in anthropological studies of Arab countries. Because tribes are perceived to be male dominated, the stereotypical roles of Arab women entail power and individualism only within the ‘harem’ because of sexual modesty and theories of patriarchy. On the other hand, women are included in the study of women-in-development (WID) that looks into how modernization affects the lives of women, particularly in Arab and Islamic cultures in the Middle East. This chapter includes a national case study that aims to examine feminine roles within Islamic and tribal settings across various historical social strata. It then identifyies the impacts of political and economic changes experienced within the past thirty years.

Keywords:   harem theory, harem, Arab countries, tribal settings, Islam, patriarchy, sexual modesty, women-in-development, modernization, Middle East

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