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Against the Odds?Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies$
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Gordon Marshall, Adam Swift, and Stephen Roberts

Print publication date: 1997

Print ISBN-13: 9780198292401

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292401.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 April 2021

Social Justice Revisited

Social Justice Revisited

(p.158) 8 Social Justice Revisited
Against the Odds?

Gordon Marshall

Adam Swift

Stephen Roberts

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the issues of merit in relation to social justice. It suggests that the justification of class-related inequalities that appeals to the necessity of incentives can be distinguished from the justification that appeals to the idea that people born into different classes are unequally deserving of class-related rewards. It outlines the possibility of an alternative defence of meritocratic justice. However, it should not be understood as a distribution in which people are rewarded on the basis of the ability to satisfy other people's preferences.

Keywords:   merit, social justice, inequalities, incentives, social class, meritocracy

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