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The Rural-Urban DivideEconomic Disparities and Interactions in China$
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John Knight and Lina Song

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198293309

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293309.001.0001

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Precis, Policy, and Perspective

Precis, Policy, and Perspective

(p.319) 10 Precis, Policy, and Perspective
The Rural-Urban Divide

John Knight

Lina Song

Oxford University Press

This chapter summarizes the conclusions of each chapter, and integrates them into an argument. It then considers the policy implications of analysis when government objectives are partly exogenous and partly endogenous. Lastly, the chapter places the Chinese experience within a broader empirical and theoretical context of rural–urban relationships, and states that we have been concerned to analyse rural–urban relationships in China in both a normative and a positive sense: to evaluate and to explain the difference in economic welfare between peasants and workers. It also discusses the implications for policy and the Chinese experience in perspective and states that the Chinese case can be viewed from two perspectives, the empirical and the theoretical. Comparisons can be made to other countries to establish whether the rural–urban divide in China is ordinary or extra-ordinary. Various models of rural–urban relationships can also be examined for their relevance to the Chinese experience.

Keywords:   Chinese experience, policy implications, government objectives, empirical context, theoretical context, rural–urban relationships, economic welfare

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