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The Rural-Urban DivideEconomic Disparities and Interactions in China$
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John Knight and Lina Song

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198293309

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293309.001.0001

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(p.121) 4 Education
The Rural-Urban Divide

John Knight

Lina Song

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses that, between urban and rural China, there are great differences in income, welfare levels, and opportunities for self-fulfilment, as well as educational provision and attainment. It states that it will focus on examining the rural–urban inequalities and their causes and implications, with the main source being the national household survey that was designed and conducted by the Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, in 1988. The chapter states that education is an important determinant of individual income in many developing economies, and that the role of education in promoting growth has received confirmation from the experience of high-performing East Asian countries. It goes on to describe the setting and the hypothesis of the study, and then explains the rural–urban divide in education. Urban educational attainment and rural educational attainment, as well as current school enrolment, are also discussed. The chapter furthermore attempts to answer the question: is education supply – or demand – constrained?

Keywords:   education, economic inequalities, educational divide, educational attainment, education supply, education demand

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