This chapter discusses that, between urban and rural China, there are great differences in income, welfare levels, and opportunities for self-fulfilment, as well as educational provision and attainment. It states that it will focus on examining the rural–urban inequalities and their causes and implications, with the main source being the national household survey that was designed and conducted by the Institute of Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, in 1988. The chapter states that education is an important determinant of individual income in many developing economies, and that the role of education in promoting growth has received confirmation from the experience of high-performing East Asian countries. It goes on to describe the setting and the hypothesis of the study, and then explains the rural–urban divide in education. Urban educational attainment and rural educational attainment, as well as current school enrolment, are also discussed. The chapter furthermore attempts to answer the question: is education supply – or demand – constrained?
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.