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The Rural-Urban DivideEconomic Disparities and Interactions in China$
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John Knight and Lina Song

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198293309

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293309.001.0001

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Rural-Urban Migration of Labour: Macroeconomics

Rural-Urban Migration of Labour: Macroeconomics

(p.252) 8 Rural-Urban Migration of Labour: Macroeconomics
The Rural-Urban Divide

John Knight

Lina Song

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the macroeconomics of the rural–urban migration of labour in China. It states that China is characterized by an urban–rural income differential that is large by international standards. The chapter also states that it is appropriate that China's migration experience be examined against this international yardstick, and begins by providing a theoretical framework for the analysis. It then goes on to present a macroeconomic overview of the phenomenon in China, though this broad approach limits the depth of the analysis. The next chapter analyses a particular case study in depth and develops precise tests of hypothesis. The chapter concludes that the rigid control of rural–urban migration was a cornerstone of the policies created and maintained the rural–urban divide in China.

Keywords:   macroeconomics, rural–urban migration, analysis, rural–urban divide

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