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The Rural-Urban DivideEconomic Disparities and Interactions in China$
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John Knight and Lina Song

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198293309

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293309.001.0001

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Rural-Urban Migration of Labour: Microeconomics

Rural-Urban Migration of Labour: Microeconomics

(p.277) 9 Rural-Urban Migration of Labour: Microeconomics
The Rural-Urban Divide

John Knight

Lina Song

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the microeconomics of the rural–urban migration of labour in China. It states that the empirical analysis of the previous chapter was based on surveys that provide only limited or descriptive information. The chapter describes the two surveys on which the microeconomic analysis will be based, and also examines the causes of migration in two ways: by analysing the characteristics of migrants relative to non-migrants and by reporting their attitudinal responses. It also analyses the relationships between migrant income and other sources of household income. The chapter examines the processes of migration: the role of family, information flows, and urban contacts in migration decision. Lastly, it considers some of the consequences of migration, including the contribution that migration makes to rural incomes and to the alleviation of poverty.

Keywords:   microeconomics, labour migration, microeconomic analysis, migrant income, household income

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