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Decision-Making in the UN Security CouncilThe Case of Haiti, 1990-1997$
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David Malone

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198294832

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294832.001.0001

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Aristide's Government, the Coup, and the International Response, January 1991-November 1992

Aristide's Government, the Coup, and the International Response, January 1991-November 1992

Chapter:
(p.58) 4 Aristide's Government, the Coup, and the International Response, January 1991-November 1992
Source:
Decision-Making in the UN Security Council
Author(s):

David Malone

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294832.003.0004

President Aristide held power in 1991 only from 7 February to 30 September. His own behaviour as a political leader demonstrated that Haiti's political culture remained steeped in fear, intimidation, and violence. This chapter describes Aristide's government and the military coup that ousted him. The military coup began late on 29 September, when a number of key State installations were seized. Under strong pressure from the Ambassadors of France and the United States, the putschists allowed Aristide to leave the country during the night of 30 September for Caracas. Recognition of the strong support by a majority of Haitians helped sustain commitment within the international community to his restoration. Throughout the crisis, the United States was the single most important player, given its dominant role within the Hemisphere and the fact that nothing significant could be achieved at the OAS or in the UNSC without its leadership or its active concurrence.

Keywords:   Haiti, Aristide, political culture, military coup, France, United States, OAS, UNSC

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