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National Labour Relations in Internationalized MarketsA Comparative Study of Institutions, Change and Performance$
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Franz Traxler, Sabine Blaschke, and Bernhard Kittel

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780198295549

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295549.001.0001

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Concepts and Hypotheses

Concepts and Hypotheses

(p.105) 8 Concepts and Hypotheses
National Labour Relations in Internationalized Markets

Franz Traxler

Sabine Blaschke

Bernhard Kittel

Oxford University Press

The main problem in bargaining, the choice between individual and collective exchange, is rooted on the structural asymmetry evident in organizations since actual bargaining involves exchanges even if two parties are not of the same status. To arrive at collective bargaining, the state has to encourage an organized mode of labor relations (Crouch 1994) and labour must reach a point where the costs and benefits of bargaining appeal to the employers and to the state. This chapter compares and contrasts the advantages and disadvantages of single-employer bargaining with those of multi-employer bargaining. This chapter differentiates individual bargaining from collective bargaining in terms of power, domain, and the control capacity to prevent free-riders.

Keywords:   individual bargaining, collective bargaining, single-employer bargaining, multi-employer bargaining, power, domain, control capacity

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