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Environmental Regulations and Corporate StrategyA NAFTA Perspective$
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Alan Rugman, Julie Soloway, and John Kirton

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198295884

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295884.001.0001

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Corporate Strategy and Environmental Regulation: Baptist-Bootlegger Coalitions

Corporate Strategy and Environmental Regulation: Baptist-Bootlegger Coalitions

(p.53) 4 Corporate Strategy and Environmental Regulation: Baptist-Bootlegger Coalitions
Environmental Regulations and Corporate Strategy

Alan Rugman

John Kirton

Julie Soloway

Oxford University Press

In this chapter, we look into how environmental regulatory protectionism also expands to the operations of ‘baptist–bootlegger’ coalitions. These coalitions are said to provide the initial indication that a trade-restricting environmental regulation was implemented by the government for the protection of industry interests instead of environmental interests. A list of criteria is provided to demonstrate how to differentiate between situations in which the relative costs of produce are affected by environmental regulation and situations in which cross-border issues develop from environmental regulations. The chapter also offers a historical perspective of the trade–environment disputes, while giving emphasis to the institutional opportunities brought about during the NAFTA era through presenting ten cases from 1982 to the present.

Keywords:   regulatory protectionism, baptist–bootlegger coalitions, trade restriction, government, historical perspective, cross-border issues

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