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Environmental Regulations and Corporate StrategyA NAFTA Perspective$
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Alan Rugman, Julie Soloway, and John Kirton

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198295884

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295884.001.0001

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MMT and Investment Dispute Settlement

MMT and Investment Dispute Settlement

(p.138) (p.139) 8 MMT and Investment Dispute Settlement
Environmental Regulations and Corporate Strategy

Alan Rugman

John Kirton

Julie Soloway

Oxford University Press

The new conditions associated with complex institutional responsiveness, specifically the new network established for NAFTA institutions, provide firms with a wide variety of specific incentives for dealing with both local and national environmental regulatory protectionism in foreign markets that will bring about improvements in their competitiveness. In this and the next two chapters, case studies of three environmental regulatory issues that were faced by three North American countries involved in NAFTA's institutions are utilized. In this chapter, attention is drawn to the case of the banned importation by the Canadian government of an environmentally harmful automobile fuel additive referred to as MMT. As such, the US-owned exporter and distributor, Ethyl Corporation, utilized NAFTA's investment dispute-settlement mechanism.

Keywords:   incentives, MMT, Ethyl Corporation, NAFTA, investment, Canadian government, banned importation

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