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Evolutionary InnovationsThe Business of Biotechnology$
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Maureen McKelvey

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297246

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297246.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 January 2022

Conclusions for Science and Technology

Conclusions for Science and Technology

(p.280) 10 Conclusions for Science and Technology
Evolutionary Innovations

Maureen D. McKelvey

Oxford University Press

This chapter draws some conclusions about science and technology based on the theoretical and empirical discussions in previous chapters. Both scientific and technological activities involve searching for new knowledge and techniques, but it has been proposed that scientific activities are generally about understanding the world whereas technological activities are generally about controlling nature for human purposes. The focus of this chapter is on agents, environments, and knowledge-seeking activities from the 1970s to 1980s and first addresses how and why agents engage in scientific and technological activities in response to the four environments by analysing the historical material about genetic engineering for human growth hormone and insulin. The contribution of this book lies in uniting empirical and theoretical domains of enquiry in order to address questions about science-based, also known as high-tech, innovation processes. The book presents original empirical material about genetic engineering and biotechnology and analysis of how technological innovation processes occur.

Keywords:   science and technology, knowledge, techniques, agents, environments, human growth hormone, insulin, genetic engineering

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