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War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2$
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E. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, and Raimo Väyrynen

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297406

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.001.0001

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Iraq: Economic Embargo and Predatory Rule

Iraq: Economic Embargo and Predatory Rule

(p.89) 4 Iraq: Economic Embargo and Predatory Rule
War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2


Oxford University Press

After the end of the Gulf War on February 27, 1991, Iraq focused on the comprehensive economic embargo which the United Nations Security Council enforced on it as a result of its invasion of Kuwait. This enforcement is not a surprise, since it had catastrophic effects on the people and economy of Iraq, as well as being a contributory factor in the rise and continuance of the humanitarian emergency in Iraq. One of the most important factors which affected Iraq was the oil sector of the economy and the centralization of political power, as well as the forced displacement of certain ethnic minorities and the different wars Iraq experienced: the Iraq–Iran War and the Gulf War. The effects of these important factors and the sanction of the UNSC will determine the humanitarian emergency of Iraq in the future. Obviously, all of this is a result of Iraq's series of man-made decisions.

Keywords:   Iraq, Gulf War, economic embargo, United Nations, Kuwait, humanitarian emergency, oil sector

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