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War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2$
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E. Wayne Nafziger, Frances Stewart, and Raimo Väyrynen

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297406

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297406.001.0001

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Congo (Zaire): Corruption, Disintegration, and State Failure

Congo (Zaire): Corruption, Disintegration, and State Failure

(p.261) 9 Congo (Zaire): Corruption, Disintegration, and State Failure
War, Hunger, and Displacement: Volume 2

N. F. Emizet Kisangani

Oxford University Press

When General Mobutu Sese Seko took over Congo on November 24, 1965 for 31 years, he practiced building the state by exercising terrorism and institutionalized corruption, and he did not mind that Western support was necessary for him to survive. During his regime, he did not tolerate opposition from members of his government, and warned them about it. Aside from the repressive weight of the State, there was also institutionalized corruption to control political opponents. These factors pushed the state institution to collapse, as well as the economy, which resulted in a large number of people dying or suffering from disease or hunger, while others became the victims of massive physical violence. These sufferings constituted a complex humanitarian emergency. This chapter aims to explain the large-scale and sporadic humanitarian emergencies under Mobutu's regime. It furthermore discusses Congo's history, as well as the process of democratization. Statistical analysis is also discussed in the chapter.

Keywords:   Congo, Zaire, General Mobutu, institutionalized corruption, terrorism, humanitarian emergencies, democratization

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