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The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies - Oxford Scholarship Online
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The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Renato Paniccià


In spite of widespread expectations of improvements in living standards and health conditions, in most of the countries of the former Soviet bloc the transition to the market economy was accompanied by a sharp increase in (already high) death rates. Such an increase provoked an ‘excess mortality’ of some three million people over the period 1989–96 alone, an unprecedented phenomenon in peacetime. Such a crisis remains poorly explained, has generated a limited policy response in the countries concerned and international organizations, and is bound to generate important political and economic re ... More

Keywords: mortality, living standards, transitional economies, market economy, former Soviet bloc, mortality rates, health trends

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2000 Print ISBN-13: 9780198297413
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Giovanni Andrea Cornia, editor
UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Florence
Author Webpage

Renato Paniccià, editor
Institute for Economic Planning, Florence

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Part I The Mortality Crisis of the Early 1990s: A Historical and Theoretical Perspective

Part II Underlying Causes of The Mortality Crises

Part III Individual And Public Responses

Part IV Evidence from Selected Country Case Studies

10 The Mortality Crisis in East Germany

Regina T. Riphahn, and Klaus F. Zimmermann

11 Population Crisis and Rising Mortality in Transitional Russia

Vladimir M. Shkolnikov, and Giovanni Andrea Cornia

15 When the Welfare State Works: Unemployment and Mortality in Finland 

Markus Jäntti, Pekka Martikainen, and Tapani Valkonen

17 The Impact of Income Dynamics on Mortality in the United States

Peggy Mcdonough, Greg J. Duncan, David R. Williams, and James S. House

End Matter