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Contact LinguisticsBilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes$
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Carol Myers-Scotton

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780198299530

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299530.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 July 2021

Convergence and Attrition

Convergence and Attrition

(p.164) 5 Convergence and Attrition
Contact Linguistics


Oxford University Press

This chapter indicates similarities and differences between convergence and attrition. It defines convergence as the restructuring of a clause's frame, and attrition as a replacement of either lexical or grammatical elements or both. Attrition is surveyed in most detail, with the argument that critical grammatical morphemes (i.e., late system morphemes under the 4-M model) are the last to be replaced. Attrition data comes from Scottish Gaelic, German, and Turkish.

Keywords:   convergence, attrition, late system morphemes

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