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Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean$
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John D. Thompson

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198515340

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515340.001.0001

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The biogeography and ecology of endemism

The biogeography and ecology of endemism

(p.38) Chapter 2 The biogeography and ecology of endemism
Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean

John D. Thompson

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the biogeography of endemism and the population ecology of endemic species. The key feature of endemism is stated clearly: the majority of species have a narrow endemic distribution. The diversity of endemic distribution patterns in the Mediterranean flora, and the historical and biogeographic associations of endemic plants are discussed. Endemism is examined in the context of the ecology and dynamics of the plant communities in which they occur. Finally, the ecological and biological correlates of endemism, in particular whether endemic species differ from widespread species in traits linked to ecological function and habitat occupation, are explored.

Keywords:   islands, trait, population ecology, community ecology

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