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The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids$
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David W. Macdonald and Claudio Sillero-Zubiri

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198515562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.001.0001

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Grey wolves—Yellowstone

Grey wolves—Yellowstone

Extermination and recovery of red wolf and grey wolf in the contiguous United States

(p.297) CHAPTER 19 Grey wolves—Yellowstone
The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Michael K. Phillips

Edward E. Bangs

L. David Mech

Brian T. Kelly

Buddy B. Fazio

Oxford University Press

About 150 years ago, the grey wolf (Canis lupus) was distributed throughout the contiguous United States, except for in southeastern US from central Texas to the Atlantic coast, where the red wolf (Canis rufus) occurred. Conflict with agricultural interests resulted in government-supported eradication campaigns beginning in colonial Massachusetts in 1630. Over the next 300 years, the campaigns were extended throughout the US resulting in the near extermination of both species. In recent decades, efforts to recover the red and grey wolf were carried out. This chapter summarizes extermination and recovery efforts for both species in the contiguous US.

Keywords:   grey wolf, Canis lupus, wolf extermination, wolf recovery, red wolf

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