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The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids$
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David W. Macdonald and Claudio Sillero-Zubiri

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198515562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.001.0001

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Infectious disease

Infectious disease

Infectious disease in the management and conservation of wild canids

(p.123) CHAPTER 6 Infectious disease
The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Rosie Woodroffe

Sarah Cleaveland

Orin Courtenay

M. Karen Laurenson

Marc Artois

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the role of infectious disease in the conservation of wild canids. Canid diseases cause concern for two reasons. First, widespread species such as red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and coyotes (Canis latrans) may carry infections such as rabies, leishmaniasis, and hydatid disease that can be transmitted to people and livestock. Second, populations of threatened canids such as Ethiopian wolves (Canis simensis), African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus), and island foxes (Urocyon littoralis) may be at risk of extinction through the effects of virulent infections such as rabies and canine distemper, sometimes needing management to protect them from infection.

Keywords:   wild canids, infectious diseases, conservation, rabies, zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis, extinction

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