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Neural and Behavioural PlasticityThe Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model$
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R. J. Andrew

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198521846

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.001.0001

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Stages in memory formation: a review

Stages in memory formation: a review

(p.351) 13 Stages in memory formation: a review
Neural and Behavioural Plasticity

K. T. Ng

M. E. Gibbs

Oxford University Press

This chapter summarizes the findings from a range of pharmacological-behavioural studies carried out in laboratories using a modified version of Cherkin's paradigm. Pharmacological evidence for various stages in memory formation arises from the use of drugs that inhibit, interfere with, or attenuate neuronal processes which are suspected to be involved in memory formation, and observing the consequent effects on behavioural evidence of memory. The time of administration function of an amnestic agent and the consequent retention function together provide the temporal boundaries of a stage of memory. Results of experiments suggest that there is a stage of memory processing preceding the long-term memory stage which is susceptible to blockade by sodium pump inhibitors, which is formed some time between learning and 10 minutes post-learning and which is available for recall after 10 minutes post-learning, and lasts up to 60 minutes post-learning.

Keywords:   behavioural studies, Cherkin's paradigm, neuronal processes, amnestic agent, memory formation, long-term memory

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