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Neural and Behavioural PlasticityThe Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model$
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R. J. Andrew

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198521846

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.001.0001

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The congruity of rat and chick multiphasic memory-consolidation models

The congruity of rat and chick multiphasic memory-consolidation models

(p.370) 14. The congruity of rat and chick multiphasic memory-consolidation models
Neural and Behavioural Plasticity

C. Allweis

Oxford University Press

This chapter summarizes the key facts that have led to the proposal of the three-phase model of memory consolidation following active avoidance training in the rat, and compares it with the three-phase model of memory consolidation in the chick. These experiments, together with numerous other experiments combining all the procedures, have led to a more detailed model of memory consolidation. There is strong evidence that hypoxia in the rat prevents the formation of medium-term memory (MTM) specifically. Hence, and in light of the strong evidence for three-phase consolidation in the chick, it is reasonable to conclude that it has a similar action in the chick. It may be further inferred that the neurochemical processes underlying MTM formation in both rat and chick are similar in nature; a striking inference which needs confirmation by further experiments with different agents in both species.

Keywords:   memory consolidation, three-phase model, medium-term memory, neurochemical processes, hypoxia, species

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