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Neural and Behavioural PlasticityThe Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model$
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R. J. Andrew

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198521846

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.001.0001

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Hormones and the timing of phases of memory formation

Hormones and the timing of phases of memory formation

(p.440) 17 Hormones and the timing of phases of memory formation
Neural and Behavioural Plasticity

M. E. Gibbs

K. T. Ng

S. Crowe

Oxford University Press

The dips occurring after the training of chicks delimit short-term, intermediate and long-term memory. The duration of the intermediate-memory stage can be increased when certain hormones are given, after training. Out of these hormones, this chapter concentrates on vasopressin, presenting retention time-courses resulting when vasopressin is given to chicks that have their long-term memory function blocked. Arginine vasopressin affects any of the processes involved in different memory stages. Different stages are amenable to manipulation by various physiological hormones. The chapter argues that biochemical cycles are applicable not only to the central nervous system, but also to a wide range of other tissues. Hormones have memory effects that are of interest in their own right, and their actions may also provide insights into the basic cellular processes which are intimately involved in the storage of memory.

Keywords:   memory, hormones, vasopressin, memory stages, physiological hormones, biochemical cycles, memory effects

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