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Neural and Behavioural PlasticityThe Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model$
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R. J. Andrew

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198521846

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.001.0001

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Gonadal steroids and memory formation

Gonadal steroids and memory formation

(p.456) 18 Gonadal steroids and memory formation
Neural and Behavioural Plasticity

P. G. Clifton

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews some studies that have examined the influence of gonadal steroids on the learning of the passive avoidance task, and also examines the relationship between the effects of testosterone on passive avoidance tasks and on other tasks and situations. Furthermore, it explores issues that have not, as yet, received much experimental attention. Many effects of the gonadal steroids are sex dependent. Thus testosterone strongly facilitates attack pecking in male chicks but has little effect on attack pecking in females. The rapidity with which testosterone affects performance in the passive avoidance task clearly distinguishes it from actions of steroids that involve genomic interactions. However, a number of gonadal steroids exert rapid effects on neural activity. The underlying neurochemical basis of these effects is not clear.

Keywords:   gonadal steroids, passive avoidance task, testosterone, sex dependent, neural activity, attack pecking

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