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Neural and Behavioural PlasticityThe Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model$
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R. J. Andrew

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198521846

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.001.0001

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The nature of behavioural lateralization in the chick

The nature of behavioural lateralization in the chick

(p.536) 21 The nature of behavioural lateralization in the chick
Neural and Behavioural Plasticity

R. J. Andrew

Oxford University Press

Evidence suggests lateralization for two major modes of analysis of a stimulus or experience, which must be carried out simultaneously by an animal capable of complex behaviour. This chapter presents evidence which suggests that the right and left visual systems can interact in the chick in a variety of ways when assessing and responding to a stimulus. Such interaction is basic to the functioning of lateralized systems. There is increasing evidence for marked asymmetry in the processes of memory formation in the chick. The chapter studies the chick as a model system to study basic properties of laterlization under three heads – motor behaviour, emotional behaviour, and cognitive processes and attention – and argues that these three are likely to be widely present in the higher vertebrates as well. Finally, it discusses hemispheric interaction to study memory formation and the development of learning abilities.

Keywords:   lateralization, behaviour, stimulus, lateralized systems, asymmetry, hemispheric interaction

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