Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Neuropsychology of AnxietyAn enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198522713

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 December 2020

Ethology and anxiety

Ethology and anxiety

(p.37) 2 Ethology and anxiety
The Neuropsychology of Anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray

Neil McNaughton

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes laboratory-based ethological analysis (ethoexperimental analysis) and ethopharmacological analysis of defensive disorders. Robert and Caroline Blanchard have shown fear and anxiety to be distinct classes of internal state linked to different classes of external behaviour, with the latter but not the former sensitive to anti-anxiety drugs. This distinction is attributed to ‘defensive direction’: fear allows freezing, fight, flight and active avoidance; anxiety allows approach to danger, risk assessment, and passive avoidance. Superimposed on defensive direction is the Blanchard's construct of defensive distance. The combination of the two dimensions allows a detailed classification of defensive behaviours.

Keywords:   ethoexperimental analysis, fear, anxiety, defence, defensive distance, risk assessment

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .