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The Neuropsychology of AnxietyAn enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system$
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Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198522713

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.001.0001

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Memory and the septo-hippocampal system

Memory and the septo-hippocampal system

(p.158) 8 Memory and the septo-hippocampal system
The Neuropsychology of Anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray

Neil McNaughton

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews data on amnesia in humans and other animals. It argues that hippocampal ‘amnesia’ does not result from changes in a particular type of memory and does not depend primarily on effects of delay and context. Relational memory, configural memory, semantic encoding, recognition memory, working memory, temporal buffering, and spatial memory are all shown to fail as an explanation of hippocampal sensitivity of learning and memory. The nature of hippocampal deficits, both in tasks involving memory and those involving innate responses, are more consistent with the view that hippocampal damage removes the capacity to select between strongly competing, conflicting goals by increased avoidance of one of the alternatives — in many memory tasks this adds up to the capacity to eliminate interference of whatever origin.

Keywords:   amnesia, hippocampus, relational memory, configural memory, semantic encoding, recognition memory, working memory, temporal buffering, spatial memory

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