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Cyril BurtFraud or Framed?$
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N. J. Mackintosh

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780198523369

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523369.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 September 2021

Burt and the early history of factor analysis

Burt and the early history of factor analysis

(p.13) Two Burt and the early history of factor analysis
Cyril Burt

S. F. Blinkhorn

Oxford University Press

This chapter aims to set Burt's early work on factor analysis in context, in the process providing an account which revises commonly held, accepted, and incorrect views as to priorities in this field. In so doing, the chapter predicts that hackles will be raised and it states that this provides the opportunity for others to criticize this account. The squabbles and backstabbing that seem so inevitable a part of academic rivalry and which are the constant subtext of this chapter are one of the least attractive aspects of academic life. The chapter first sets the context of Burt's early work, paying particular attention to Spearman and the issues his theory raised, and drawing attention to J. C. Maxwell Garnett, a largely neglected figure whose contribution has been much underrated. Then it looks at what Burt himself did, identifying the novelty of his contribution.

Keywords:   factor analysis, Cyril Burt, academic rivalry, J. C. Maxwell Garnett, correlation matrix, social psychologists

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