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The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain$
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Malcolm Burrows

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198523444

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.001.0001

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Breathing Breathing

Breathing Breathing

Chapter:
(p.563) 12 Breathing
Source:
The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain
Author(s):

Malcolm Burrows

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0012

The neural control of breathing or ventilatory movements has attracted much attention over the years because of the persistence and reliability of the underlying motor rhythm. The persistence derives from the obvious need to provide a continuous exchange of gases between the tissues of the body and the surrounding air. The drive maintaining the rhythm must thus come either from receptors that monitor the levels of carbon dioxide in the inspired gases or from some monitor of its level in the tissues. Probably both effects occur together but the receptors responsible are not well identified. Nevertheless, the ventilatory motor pattern can be recorded as readily from an isolated central nervous system as it can from an intact locust.

Keywords:   ventilatory movements, neural control, ventilatory motor pattern, breathing, central nervous system, exchange of gases

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