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Comparative Neuropsychology$
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A. David Milner

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198524113

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 December 2021

Memory systems in primates: episodic, semantic, and perceptual learning

Memory systems in primates: episodic, semantic, and perceptual learning

(p.109) 7 Memory systems in primates: episodic, semantic, and perceptual learning
Comparative Neuropsychology

Amanda Parker

David Gaffan

Oxford University Press

Memory disorder is often produced as one component of a general loss of mental ability (‘dementia’), but in some patients amnesia is a discrete disorder, leaving intact many other cognitive abilities such as reasoning, perception, and intelligence. Neuropathological analysis of the brain damage responsible for producing discrete amnesia suggests that the critical lesion for producing this disorder is any bilateral interruption of a system of interconnected structures. Evidence for other clearly defined memory systems is less solid as yet, but experimental evidence for a dissociable semantic memory system, and for perceptual learning mechanisms that operate relatively separably from episodic and semantic memory, are discussed in this chapter.

Keywords:   memory systems, dementia, memory disorders, mental ability, learning mechanism, critical lesion

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