Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Beyond NeurotransmissionNeuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Paul Katz

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198524243

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2021

The inside story: subcellular mechanisms of neuromodulation

The inside story: subcellular mechanisms of neuromodulation

(p.83) 3 The inside story: subcellular mechanisms of neuromodulation
Beyond Neurotransmission

Elizabeth A. Jonas

Leonard K. Kaczmarek

Oxford University Press

The processes within a neuron that are subject to modulation include changes in amplitude or kinetics of the ion channels, the insertion or removal of ion channel proteins from the membrane, changes in the types of ion channels expressed or their localization within the neuron, and changes in release of neurotransmitter from the synaptic terminal. One relatively recently recognized feature of signaling pathways in neurons is that minute-to-minute variations in ion channel properties can be brought about by changing the physical association of the ion channel with its modulating elements. Finally, the activation of biochemical pathways that signal to the nucleus can produce long-term modulation of neuronal excitability by increasing or decreasing the synthesis of proteins required for ion channel expression and function. These mechanisms provide the means whereby one neuron can alter the properties of another neuron and are thus crucial for plasticity observed in the nervous system.

Keywords:   neuromodulation, ion channels, neurotransmitter, synaptic terminal, biochemical pathways, long-term modulation, neuronal excitability

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .