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Beyond NeurotransmissionNeuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing$
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Paul Katz

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198524243

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.001.0001

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Flexibility of muscle control by modulation of muscle properties

Flexibility of muscle control by modulation of muscle properties

(p.241) 7 Flexibility of muscle control by modulation of muscle properties
Beyond Neurotransmission

Scott L. Hooper

Vladimir Brezina

Elizabeth C. Cropper

Klaudiusz R. Weiss

Oxford University Press

This chapter attempts to put muscle modulation in context by identifying two broadly defined functional advantages that muscle modulation could provide, and considering the functional implications of extrinsic and intrinsic neuromodulation. In each case it first discusses the issue at hand in general terms, and then provides specific neuromuscular systems that illustrate the point well. It next describes a particularly well-understood example of muscle modulation (the ARC system of Aplysia), and ends by listing several questions whose resolution is necessary to achieve a full understanding of the role of muscle modulation in motor pattern production.

Keywords:   muscle properties, muscle control, neuromodulation, neuromuscular systems, muscle modulation, motor pattern

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