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Consciousness Lost and FoundA Neuropsychological Exploration$
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Lawrence Weiskrantz

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198524588

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524588.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 September 2021

The question of ‘How?’

The question of ‘How?’

(p.192) 8 The question of ‘How?’
Consciousness Lost and Found

Lawrence Weiskrantz

Oxford University Press

This chapter grapples with the question of how the brain deals with the problem in its normal intact state. In particular, it attempts to address the question on how the brain generates conscious awareness. Two approaches that are traditionally polarized in addressing ‘How’-type questions are illustrated here and the contrast is sometimes described as the distinction between hardware and software. Though this may be relevant in some areas, the chapter contends that it can be seriously misleading in neuroscience. Also, studying the nervous system alone to provide a better understanding is also ignored by the chapter. Rather, the essential functional difference between the collections of nerve cells at the level of the cord and at the level of the brain inevitably implies that the awareness must be a matter of organization of systems.

Keywords:   conscious awareness, brain, neuroscience, nervous system, functional difference, nerve cells, cord

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