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Active VisionThe Psychology of Looking and Seeing$
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John M Findlay and Iain D Gilchrist

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198524793

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 10 May 2021

VISUAL SAMPLING DURING TEXT READING

VISUAL SAMPLING DURING TEXT READING

Chapter:
(p.83) CHAPTER 5 VISUAL SAMPLING DURING TEXT READING
Source:
Active Vision
Author(s):

John M. Findlay

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0005

This chapter is a review of eye movements during text reading. It starts with a review of the basic patterns of visual sampling during reading, then discusses visual perception during fixations in reading, including the powerful gaze-contingent methodology that has established the perceptual span for reading. The effect of the text content on both fixation durations and saccade landing positions is considered. The chapter then discusses theories of eye movement control in reading, and contrasts models that emphasize non-cognitive factors and models in which saccade control is determined primarily by the lexical access process. The chapter concludes with a discussion of some practical aspects of eye control in reading, including the effects of the physical characteristics of the text and the possible relevance to dyslexia.

Keywords:   gaze-contingent methodologies, perceptual span, peripheral preview, eye movements, dyslexia

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